Steps to Grinding Coffee at Home
Coffee drinkers from all over the world agree that a great cup of coffee starts with freshly ground roasted beans. While the variant of the coffee beans, the type of roast, and the quality of the coffee maker are all critical to creating high-quality coffee, achieving the perfect grind is a necessity too. Complicated as it may seem, grinding coffee at home is actually pretty simple and does not require any advanced barista skills to master. With the basic knowledge of the grind sizes, coffee grinders, and the steps that are involved, you can create great tasting coffee at your home.
Before learning the specific procedures, it is important to take note of the different grind sizes and types of coffee grinders. As a general rule, only grind your coffee just before you are about to brew. Beyond 4 to 6 hours of exposure to air and moisture, ground coffee will lose most of its freshness, unique flavors, and invigorating aroma. Alternative Brewing explains why brewing freshly ground coffee is better than using pre-ground coffee. Be sure to check Alternative Brewing’s wide range of coffee making tools and choose the one that best fits your needs.
Knowing the grind sizes
There are four categories of ground coffee based on the size of granules: coarse, medium, fine, and Turkish. Coarse ground coffee is characterized by distinct chunks of beans similar to the size of rock salts. Medium grind has a similar texture to coarse sand while finely ground coffee feels like granulated sugar or salt when rubbed between the fingers. Turkish grind has a distinct powdery texture comparable to flour.
Grinding the right amount
Regardless of the type of coffee grinder that you are using, it is always important to know how much coffee you are planning to make. Typically, two tablespoons or (10 grams) of roasted coffee beans is enough to yield a cup of moderately strong coffee. You can adjust the amount according to your taste.
Using coffee grinders
Depending on the size of grind you are trying to achieve, you can use different types of coffee grinders such as blade grinders, burr grinders, and manual grinders.
For blade grinders, use the pulse button for a more uniform grind. Hold the pulse for 2 to 3 seconds and shake the grinder lightly to evenly grind the beans. Unless you are aiming for a Turkish grind, occasionally check the texture of the grind after 3 to 4 bursts. Medium grind is recommended if you are using a basket filter for your coffee maker while fine grind is best for cone filters. Tap the sides to collect clinging grinds before removing the canister.
Burr grinder is easier to use but comes at a price. Unlike a blade grinder, it contains two rotating gears that evenly grind coffee beans. Precision burr grinders can also be automatically set to produce different sizes of grinds.
A manual grinder consists of a hopper and a rotating handle. Most manual grinders have adjustable nuts above the burrs to control the grind. Do not overfill the hopper. Firmly press the grinder on a countertop before starting. While grinding, avoid putting too much force on the handle and rotate it as naturally as possible.